Malnutrition and Nutrition in the Philippines: A Case Study in the Village of Batuan, Bohol 1986-1998

"What determines child mortality, health and malnutrition in developing countries?" This research has developed a set of hypotheses to identify what causes malnutrition in developing countries. The developing country in this study is the Philippines with the study located in the town of Batuan on the island of Bohol. The research is concentrates on school children aged between 7 and 14 and is conducted at the village level. Data is obtained from "Operation Timbang" the Filipino word for weight with the study utilising longitudinal data from 1986?1998 as well as national and village censuses plus a variety of other literature on malnutrition. The two hypothesis used in this study aim to identify whether population densities result in changed levels of nutritional status and whether the type of agricultural systems have a result on nutritional levels. The study found that population densities do not have an overly strong influence on the nutritional status of school children whereas agricultural systems have a much stronger influence on nutritional status with areas that predominantly farmed rice achieving higher levels of nutritional status. The Philippines has reportedly experienced improvements in nutritional status this study identifies that improvements have occurred. This study sees that this could be misconceived as the measurements used to have been weakened to make nutritional status seem as it is improving.

Waikato University
Degree / Paper: 
Directed Research
Author Name: 
Ashton, Dean